/manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Optimisation of extraction conditions for recovering carotenoids and antioxidant capacity from Gac peel using response surface methodology /manager/Repository/uon:33080 −1, respectively. The carotenoid extraction yield and the antioxidant capacity extraction yield were 271 mg/100 g DW and 737 μm TE/100 g DW, respectively. Thus, the extraction using ethyl acetate with the ratio of 80:1 (mL solvent per g Gac peel) for 150 min at 40.7°C is suggested for recovering carotenoids and antioxidant capacity from Gac peel.]]> Wed 04 Sep 2019 09:54:30 AEST ]]> Microwave-assisted extraction and ultrasound-assisted extraction for recovering carotenoids from Gac peel and their effects on antioxidant capacity of the extracts /manager/Repository/uon:33078 Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng.) contains high levels of bioactive compounds, especially carotenoids which possess significant antioxidant capacities. However, the peel of Gac is regarded as a waste from the production of carotenoid‐rich oil from Gac fruit. In this study, carotenoids of Gac peel were extracted by microwave‐assisted extraction (MAE) and ultrasound‐assisted extraction (UAE) using ethyl acetate as extraction solvent. The effect of extraction time and different levels of microwave and ultrasonic powers on the yield of total carotenoid and antioxidant capacity of the extracts were investigated. The results showed that an extraction at 120 W for 25 min and an extraction at 200 W for 80 min were the most effective for MAE and UAE of the Gac peel samples, respectively. The maximum carotenoid and antioxidant capacity yields of UAE were significantly higher than those of the MAE. The antioxidant capacity of extract obtained by the UAE was also significantly higher that of the conventional extraction using the same ratio of solvent to material. The results showed that both MAE and UAE could be used to reduce the extraction time significantly in comparison with conventional extraction of Gac peel while still obtained good extraction efficiencies. Thus, MAE and UAE are recommended for the improvement of carotenoid and antioxidant capacity extraction from Gac peel.]]> Tue 03 Sep 2019 17:53:40 AEST ]]> Ultrasound-assisted extraction of GAC peel: An optimization of extraction conditions for recovering carotenoids and antioxidant capacity /manager/Repository/uon:41195 Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng.), which is considered as waste of Gac processing, has been found to possess high levels of carotenoids and other antioxidants. This study aimed at determining the optimal conditions of an ultrasound-assisted extraction for recovering carotenoids and antioxidant capacity from Gac peel. A response surface methodology using the Box–Behnken design was employed to investigate the impact of extraction time, temperature and ultrasonic power on the recovery of total carotenoid and antioxidant capacity. The results showed that an extraction time of 76 min, temperature of 50 °C and ultrasonic power of 250 W were the optimal conditions for the extraction. The experimental carotenoid yield and antioxidant capacity obtained under the optimal extraction conditions were validated as 269 mg/100 g DW (dry weight) and 822 µM TE (Trolox equivalent)/100 g DW, respectively. These values were not significantly different from the values predicted by the models. The HPLC analysis for carotenoid composition showed that β-carotene, lycopene and lutein were the principal carotenoids of the extract, which constitute 86% of the total carotenoid content. Based on the obtained results, the ultrasound-assisted extraction using ethyl acetate under the above optimal conditions is suggested for the simultaneous recovery of carotenoids and antioxidant capacity from Gac peel.]]> Thu 28 Jul 2022 11:12:19 AEST ]]> Encapsulation of carotenoid-rich oil from Gac peel: optimisation of the encapsulating process using a spray drier and the storage stability of encapsulated powder /manager/Repository/uon:35145 Thu 17 Jun 2021 14:49:11 AEST ]]> Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng.): a rich source of bioactive compounds and its potential health benefits /manager/Repository/uon:27134 Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng.) is a tropical vine originating from South and South-East Asia. Gac fruit has traditionally been used in Asia to provide red colour for cuisines and enhance visional health. Recently, Gac fruit has emerged as a potential source of carotenoids, especially lycopene and β-carotene. Carotenoids and other identified bioactives from this fruit including phenolics, flavonoids and trypsin inhibitors are associated with many beneficial bioactivities such as antioxidant, anticancer and provitamin A activities. In addition to the traditional utilisation, commercial products like Gac powder and Gac oil have been manufactured as natural colourants and medicinal supplements. This paper is a review of the scientific literature on the nutritional composition, biological activities and processing of Gac fruit.]]> Sat 24 Mar 2018 07:33:02 AEDT ]]> Effects of pretreatments and air drying temperatures on the carotenoid composition and antioxidant capacity of dried gac peel /manager/Repository/uon:33748 Mon 07 Jan 2019 10:45:15 AEDT ]]> Yield of carotenoids, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of extracts from Gac peel as affected by different solvents and extraction conditions /manager/Repository/uon:33079 Fri 24 Aug 2018 15:01:54 AEST ]]>