- Determining a tracer diffusivity by way of the Darken-Manning equation for interdiffusion in binary alloy systems
- Paul, T. R.; Belova, I. V.; Levchenko, E. V.; Evteev, A. V.; Murch, G. E.
- Diffusion Phenomena in Engineering Materials p. 25-54
- Diffusion Foundations 4
- Publisher Link
- Trans Tech Publications
- Resource Type
- book chapter
- The self-or tracer diffusivity of one component in a binary alloy is often required when there is knowledge of the other component’s self- or tracer diffusivity and the interdiffusivity (and the thermodynamic factor). In the present paper, this problem is addressed for the random alloy model by applying three possible approximations having different levels of accuracy: Darken (low level of accuracy), Manning (medium level of accuracy) and Moleko, Allnatt and Allnatt (MAA) (high level of accuracy). There are unexpectedly large differences between the results of these approximations that sometimes are reflected in the high sensitivity of the vacancy-wind factor to the level of approximation. Generally, for the application of Manning and the MAA approximations, it is found that there is a difference in the number of self-diffusivity roots depending on whether the tracer diffusivity is available for the faster diffuser or for the slower diffuser and depending on how close the composition is to the forbidden (according to Manning’s description) region. Provided that the interdiffusion coefficient (divided by the thermodynamic factor) is greater than the available self-diffusion coefficient multiplied by its complementary composition, the application of the Darken approximation always results in one self-diffusivity root.
- interdiffusion; binary alloy; tracer diffusion; thermodynamic factor; vacancy-wind factor; Darken-Manning equation
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