${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Writing across/between borders: a transnational approach to creative writing in the Asia Pacific Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:34:36 EST ]]> Youth sociology must cross cultures Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:34:34 EST ]]> The SHED-IT weight loss maintenance trial protocol : a randomised controlled trial of a weight loss maintenance program for overweight and obese men 2, ≥ 30 kg/m2). Assessments occurred at 'study entry' (start of Phase I), 'baseline' (start of Phase II), '6 months' (post-test) and will occur at '12 months' (follow-up; primary endpoint). The primary outcome is weight change in Phase II (i.e. from 'baseline' at 12 months after randomization). Secondary outcomes include waist circumference (umbilicus and narrowest), blood pressure, body composition, objectively measured physical activity, sedentary time, portion size, dietary intake, quality of life, depressive symptoms, and behavioural cognitions. Costing data will be collected for cost-effectiveness analysis. Generalised linear mixed models (intention-to-treat) will assess outcomes for treatment (maintenance vs. control), time (baseline, 6-month and 12-month) and the treatment-by-time interaction. This will be the first study to evaluate a male-only, gender-targeted weight loss maintenance program. Results will provide evidence regarding feasible and theoretically-driven obesity treatments for men with potential for long-term impact and widespread dissemination.]]> Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:34:32 EST ]]> Liberating schools through devolution: the Trojan horse of the state Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:34:31 EST ]]> Position statement part one: immune function and exercise Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:34:29 EST ]]> Screening and intervention for mental health problems in alcohol and other drug settings: can training change practitioner behaviour? Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:47 EST ]]> How generalisable are results of studies conducted in practice-based research networks?: a cross-sectional study of general practitioner demographics in two New South Wales networks Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:44 EST ]]> Comparison of two doses of elemental iron in the treatment of latent iron deficiency: efficacy, side effects and blinding capabilities Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:41 EST ]]> Early life infection alters adult BALB/c hippocampal gene expression in a sex specific manner Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:39 EST ]]> The pleasures of crime: reading modern French crime fiction (book review) Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:37 EST ]]> Neuroactive steroids induce changes in fetal sheep behavior during normoxic and asphyxic states Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:36 EST ]]> Weight management including dietary and physical activity advice provided by Australian physiotherapists: a pilot cross-sectional survey Wed 30 Jul 2014 16:27:34 EST ]]> Food and beverage portion sizes in Australian children: a secondary analysis of 1995 and 2007 national data Wed 30 Jul 2014 12:43:28 EST ]]> Australian women's experiences of living with gestational diabetes Wed 30 Jul 2014 12:43:27 EST ]]> Variability in proactive and reactive cognitive control processes across the adult lifespan Wed 30 Jul 2014 11:33:29 EST ]]> The rise of testicular germ cell tumours: the search for causes, risk factors and novel therapeutic targets Wed 30 Jul 2014 11:26:32 EST ]]> Global epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease Wed 30 Jul 2014 11:19:28 EST ]]> Epidemiology and clinical effects of hump-nosed pit viper (Genus: Hypnale) envenoming in Sri Lanka Thu 31 Jul 2014 17:25:29 EST ]]> Point-of-care testing in snakebite: an envenomed case with false negative coagulation studies Thu 31 Jul 2014 17:18:29 EST ]]> Diagnostic 20-min whole blood clotting test in Russell's viper envenoming delays antivenom administration 1.5) in Russell’s viper envenoming, the specificity of negative WBCT20 in non-envenomed patients and directly compared paired WBCT20 and INR. Results: Admission WBCT20 was done in 140 Russell’s viper bites with coagulopathy and was positive in 56/140 [sensitivity 40% (95% confidence interval (CI): 32–49%)]. A negative WBCT20 led to delayed antivenom administration [WBCT20−ve tests: median delay, 1.78 h (interquartile range (IQR): 0.83–3.7 h) vs. WBCT20 + ve tests: median delay, 0.82 h (IQR: 0.58–1.48 h); P = 0.0007]. Delays to antivenom were largely a consequence of further WBCT20 being performed and more common if the first test was negative (41/84 vs. 12/56). Initial WBCT20 was negative in 9 non-envenomed patients and 48 non-venomous snakebites [specificity: 100% (95% CI: 94–100%)]. In 221 paired tests with INR > 1.5, the WBCT20 was positive in 91(41%). The proportion of positive WBCT20 only increased slightly with higher INR. Conclusions: In clinical practice, the WBCT20 has low sensitivity for detecting coagulopathy in snake envenoming and should not over-ride clinical assessment-based decisions about antivenom administration. There is an urgent need to develop a simple bedside test for coagulopathy in snake envenoming.]]> Thu 31 Jul 2014 16:29:29 EST ]]> Recruitment and retention of young women into nutrition research studies: practical considerations Thu 31 Jul 2014 16:08:29 EST ]]> Use of immunoturbidimetry to detect venom-antivenom binding using snake venoms Thu 31 Jul 2014 16:08:29 EST ]]> Effectiveness of interventions with a dietary component on weight loss maintenance: a systematic review 24.9 kg/m² prior to weight loss. Studies were considered if the participants had existing co-morbidities associated with overweight and obesity; however, they were excluded if participants had major medical problems or psychological illness. Types of intervention(s): Weight loss maintenance intervention strategies considered eligible were manipulation of a specific dietary component including prescribed diets, guidelines, advice and/or support to adhere to a dietary prescription. Types of studies: Only randomized controlled trial study designs were considered. Types of outcomes: The primary outcome measures were weight change, body mass index change, waist circumference change and body fat change. Search strategy: Published and unpublished studies in the English language from 1970 to January 2012 were identified from six electronic databases. Methodological quality: Methodological quality was assessed by two independent reviewers using the standardized critical appraisal instrument from the Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument. Data collection: Data were extracted using the JBI data extraction form for experimental studies and included participant characteristics, intervention characteristics, study retention rates, and weight outcomes (weight change; kg or %, body mass index, waist circumference). Data synthesis: The impact of interventions on weight outcomes was described in a narrative format within each group of studies. The effectiveness of weight loss maintenance interventions was also assessed using the criteria of maintenance of ≥5% of initial weight loss. When studies were sufficiently similar and results were reported as either changescores or final values, and presented as means with standard deviations, data were pooled in a meta-analysis. Results: Sixty-four articles representing 56 studies were included in this review. Twenty seven studies prescribed a diet intervention, 11 meal replacements, two re-feeding time and type, and 16 support delivery mode interventions. Of the 56 studies, only 14 reported significant results for weight loss maintenance (Diet n=6, Meal replacements, n=1, Re-feeding n=1, Support delivery mode n=6). Conclusions: Currently there are many weight loss maintenance interventions being trialed but few have been found to be effective at maintaining >5% of initial weight loss. Whether this is due to the intervention itself being ineffective or simply the lack of reporting of this outcome, it is clear that more studies are needed to address this issue.]]> Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:54:33 EST ]]> Improvement in erectile function following weight loss in obese men: the SHED-IT randomized controlled trial Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:54:32 EST ]]> Challenges and lessons from systematic literature reviews for the Australian dietary guidelines Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:54:31 EST ]]> The association between dietary patterns and weight change in adults over time: a systematic review of studies with follow up Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:54:30 EST ]]> Effectiveness of parent-centred interventions for the prevention and treatment of childhood overweight and obesity in community settings: a systematic review 18 years. Types of intervention(s)/phenomena of interest: Intervention programs were required to have a parental component, to target eating and/or exercise behaviors for the prevention or treatment of obesity, and child weight status reported. Types of studies: All intervention studies were included in the review including: randomized controlled trials (RCTs); non-randomized controlled trials, longitudinal studies, cohort (both retrospective and prospective), case control and time series studies which had been conducted in a community setting. Types of outcomes: This review considered studies that included overweight/obesity related outcomes, eating behavior outcomes, physical activity behaviour outcomes, and sedentary behavior outcomes and constructs. Search strategy: A literature search of community-based parent-centred intervention studies to promote nutrition and physical activity for the prevention and treatment and of childhood overweight and obesity was performed in eight electronic databases dating from 1975 to April 2009. Methodological quality: Studies were critically appraised for methodological quality using standardized tools. Data collection: Data was extracted by one reviewer using a standardized data extraction form developed by the researchers and checked for accuracy and consistency by a second reviewer. Data synthesis: Data in relation to setting, methodology, intervention components and effect on weight, dietary intake and physical activity was extracted, and described in a narrative synthesis. Where possible a meta-analysis was undertaken. Results: Of the home-based interventions, five of nine studies reported statistically significant changes in anthropometric outcomes post intervention. Of the 10 studies in the before and after school care setting, seven reported a significant decrease in a weight-related outcome post intervention, with only one reporting an increase. Conclusions: Results from the review support the after-school setting as the most promising for community intervention setting for targeting parents as agents of change within child obesity prevention and treatment programs.]]> Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:54:29 EST ]]> Associations between sleep, dietary intake and physical activity in children: systematic review Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:37 EST ]]> Diet-induced weight loss in obese children with asthma: a randomized controlled trial Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:35 EST ]]> Is soluble transferrin receptor a useful marker in early stage iron deficiency? Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:35 EST ]]> Can a web-based food record accurately assess energy intake in overweight and obese women? a pilot study Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:32 EST ]]> Increased sleep latency and reduced sleep duration in children with asthma Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:32 EST ]]> Comparison of energy intake in toddlers assessed by food frequency questionnaire and total energy expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:29 EST ]]> The Nutrition and Enjoyable Activity for Teen Girls study: a cluster randomized controlled trial Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:47:29 EST ]]> Australian curriculum, classroom approaches: Mathematics Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:40:29 EST ]]> Volumes and bouts of sedentary behavior and physical activity: associations with cardiometabolic health in obese children trend = 0.11). Conclusions: In addition to increasing MVPA, targeting reduced SED and limiting bouts of SED to <30 min may contribute to improved HDL cholesterol levels and cardio-metabolic health in overweight/obese children.]]> Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:26:29 EST ]]> Drug induced QT prolongation: the measurement and assessment of the QT interval in clinical practice c of 440 ms or 500 ms. Plotting the QT-HR pair for patients on drugs suspected or known to cause QT prolongation allows assessment of the QT interval based on normal population QT variability. This risk assessment then allows the safer commencement of drugs therapeutically or management of drug induced effects in overdose.]]> Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:12:29 EST ]]> Oxycodone overdose causes naloxone responsive coma and QT prolongation Thu 31 Jul 2014 15:12:27 EST ]]> Dietary patterns of adolescent girls attending schools in low-income communities highlight low consumption of core foods Thu 31 Jul 2014 14:58:29 EST ]]> A study of the effects of latent iron deficiency on measures of cognition: a pilot randomised controlled trial of iron supplementation in young women 120 g/L) and iron-sufficient young women (18–35 years). Cognitive function and haematological markers of iron status were measured at baseline and follow-up. Iron-deficient participants (n = 24) were randomised to receive placebo, 60 mg or 80 mg elemental iron daily supplements for 16 weeks. A control group of iron-sufficient participants (n = 8) was allocated to placebo. Change scores for Impulsivity and Attention were significantly greater in plasma ferritin improvers than in non-improvers (p = 0.004, p = 0.026). IntegNeuro was easy to administer and acceptable to young women. Based on the differences in Memory and Attention scores between iron-deficient participants on iron treatment and those on placebo, it was decided that between 26 and 84 participants would be required in each iron treatment group for an adequately powered extension of this pilot RCT.]]> Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:59:29 EST ]]> 12 Month changes in dietary intake of adolescent girls attending schools in low-income communities following the NEAT Girls cluster randomized controlled trial Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:52:29 EST ]]> Lean mass, not fat mass, is associated with lung function in male and female children with asthma Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:52:27 EST ]]> Assessing the unmet needs of people with systemic lupus erythematosus: honoring patient self-report Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:52:27 EST ]]> Impact of dietary macronutrient distribution on BMI and cardiometabolic outcomes in overweight and obese children and adolescents: a systematic review Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:45:27 EST ]]> Response to: self-directed interventions to promote weight loss: a systematic review of reviews Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:31:30 EST ]]> The effect of nutrition knowledge and dietary iron intake on iron status in young women Thu 31 Jul 2014 12:24:27 EST ]]> Issues to consider in children's dietary assessment (letter) Thu 31 Jul 2014 11:28:27 EST ]]> Toxinology of venoms from five Australian lesser known elapid snakes 25 kDa. All venoms (10 μg/ml) demonstrated in vitro neurotoxicity in the chick biventer cervicis nerve-muscle preparation, with a relative rank order of: H. signata ≥ D. devisi ≥ V. annulata = E. curta > C. boschmai. CSL polyvalent antivenom neutralized the inhibitory effects of C. boschmai venom but only delayed the inhibitory effect of the other venoms. All venoms displayed PLA2 activity but over a wide range (i.e. 1–621 μmol/min./mg). The venoms of C. boschmai (60 μg/kg, i.v.), D. devisi (60 μg/kg, i.v.) and H. signata (60 μg/kg, i.v.) produced hypotensive effects in vivo in an anaesthetized rat preparation. H. signata displayed moderate pro-coagulant activity while the other venoms were weakly pro-coagulant. This study demonstrated that these understudied Australian elapids have varying pharmacological activity, with notable in vitro neurotoxicity for four of the venoms, and may produce mild to moderate effects following systemic envenoming.]]> Thu 24 Jul 2014 16:40:46 EST ]]> Bites in Australian snake handlers - Australian snakebite project (ASP-15) Thu 24 Jul 2014 16:14:57 EST ]]> Intravenous paracetamol toxicity in a malnourished child Thu 24 Jul 2014 16:00:55 EST ]]> Towards production scale-up of organic photovoltaics Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:53:59 EST ]]> Tiger snake (Notechis spp) envenoming: Australian Snakebite Project (ASP-13) Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:53:58 EST ]]> Development and psychometric analysis of the systemic lupus erythematosus needs questionnaire (SLENQ) Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:53:57 EST ]]> Climate-informed stochastic hydrological modelling Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:47:05 EST ]]> Mirtazapine overdose is unlikely to cause major toxicity 120 mg) identified from admissions to a toxicology unit between January 1987 and August 2013. Demographic information, details of ingestion, clinical effects, ECG parameters (HR, QT and QRS), and length of stay were extracted from a clinical database. Results: From 267 mirtazapine overdoses, there were 89 single-agent mirtazapine ingestions and 178 cases where mirtazapine was taken with at least one other drug. The median age of the 89 single-agent mirtazapine ingestions was 36 years [interquartile range (IQR): 26 – 49 years; Range: 15 – 81 years]; 45 were female (51%). The median ingested dose was 420 mg (IQR: 270 – 750 mg; Range: 150 – 1350 mg) and 41 patients (46%) had a Glasgow coma score (GCS) < 15, but the minimum GCS was 10. There were no seizures, serotonin toxicity or delirium. Tachycardia occurred in 29 patients (33%) and hypertension in 32 patients (36%). The median QRS was 80 ms (Range: 80 – 120 ms) and there were no cases with QT prolongation. There were no arrhythmias and no deaths. The median length of stay was 14 h (IQR: 8.8 – 18.2 h; Range:2.2 – 75 h). No single-agent mirtazapine patient was admitted to intensive care. The 178 patients taking co-ingestants had more severe toxicity depending on the co-ingested drug. Conclusion: Mirtazapine appears to be relatively benign in overdose, associated with tachycardia, mild hypertension and mild CNS depression not requiring intervention.]]> Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:47:05 EST ]]> Factors impacting on Bachelor of Nursing students clinical and academic performance and progression Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:33:11 EST ]]> Molecular structure, flow properties and particle stability and settling in protic ionic liquids Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:33:11 EST ]]> The geomechanics of single-seam and multi-seam longwall coal mining Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:33:10 EST ]]> Respiratory innate immune factors regulate steroid-resistant airway hyperreactivity and asthma Thu 24 Jul 2014 15:33:08 EST ]]> How accurate is web-based self-reported height, weight, and body mass index in young adults? Mon 28 Jul 2014 16:02:28 EST ]]> The provision of weight management advice : an investigation into occupational therapy practice Mon 28 Jul 2014 15:49:35 EST ]]> Circulating stories: East Timorese in Australia and questions of post-independence identity Mon 28 Jul 2014 15:48:33 EST ]]> Very low-energy diets for weight loss in adults: a review Mon 28 Jul 2014 15:20:27 EST ]]> A comparison and validation of child versus parent reporting of children's energy intake using food frequency questionnaires versus food records. Who's an accurate reporter? Mon 28 Jul 2014 15:13:27 EST ]]> Microbial corrosion of sewer pipe in Australia - initial field results 2S concentration in the sewer headspace with pre-corroded coupons experiencing more rapid decreases for a given H2S concentration. Extensive corrosion of sound concrete has also been observed on pre-corroded samples over this period while minor losses are becoming apparent on new coupons. The combination of pH change, concrete losses and appearance of biological activity on the coupon surface all point to a rapid transition through an initial abiotic corrosion phase to the next stage in which corrosion is the result of neutrophilic microbial activity. A comparison of the early corrosion activity of new and pre-corroded coupons and anomalous readings at one high H2S location also indicate that the corrosion rate will most likely vary in a complex fashion over time and will be influenced by a variety of environmental factors in addition to H2S levels. As more field data is collected and complementary laboratory and biological data become available a realistic, phenomenological model of this process will be developed allowing the service life of sewer pipes in Australia to be realistically predicted.]]> Mon 28 Jul 2014 14:24:27 EST ]]> Sounds like contemporary art Mon 28 Jul 2014 14:03:28 EST ]]> Cancer patients' concerns regarding access to cancer care: perceived impact of waiting times along the diagnosis and treatment journey Mon 28 Jul 2014 14:03:28 EST ]]> Developing research in partnership with Aboriginal communities: strategies for improving recruitment and retention Mon 28 Jul 2014 13:56:27 EST ]]> Perforation of flexible rockfall barriers by normal block impact Mon 28 Jul 2014 12:11:29 EST ]]> A Rasch analysis of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) among cancer survivors Mon 28 Jul 2014 12:11:29 EST ]]> Craving as a predictor of treatment outcomes in heavy drinkers with comorbid depressed mood Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:59:15 EST ]]> Changes to dietary intake during a 12-week commercial web-based weight loss program : a randomized controlled trial Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:57:27 EST ]]> The anterior shear and distraction tests for craniocervical instability: an evaluation using magnetic resonance imaging Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:50:26 EST ]]> Contact-induced change in Southern Bougainville Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:49:29 EST ]]> Thucydides and the history of ideas: viewing Thucydides' Peloponnesian War anew : questions of qualitative understanding and insightfulness Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:36:27 EST ]]> Diffusion-weighted imaging of the breast: principles and clinical applications Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:29:46 EST ]]> Upper bound rigid block analysis with rigid block subdivision Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:29:27 EST ]]> An examination of cardiovascular collapse induced by eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) venom Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:15:30 EST ]]> Quantization issues in signal processing and control system design Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:15:29 EST ]]> Analysis of kinetic demixing in a mixed oxide (A,B)O in an oxygen potential gradient Mon 28 Jul 2014 11:15:27 EST ]]> Variation in the maternal corticotrophin releasing hormone-binding protein (CRH-BP) gene and birth weight in blacks, hispanics and whites Mon 28 Jul 2014 10:54:27 EST ]]> The importance of being earnest: learning and teaching guide Mon 28 Jul 2014 10:40:27 EST ]]> Cantharimides: a new class of modified cantharidin analogues inhibiting protein phosphatases 1 and 2A Mon 28 Jul 2014 10:37:30 EST ]]> Anaphylaxis: clinical patterns, mediator release, and severity Mon 28 Jul 2014 10:12:28 EST ]]> Species differences in the neuromuscular activity of post-synaptic neurotoxins from two Australian black snakes (Pseudechis porphyriacus and Pseudechis colletti) Fri 25 Jul 2014 16:10:28 EST ]]> Differential myotoxic and cytotoxic activities of pre-synaptic neurotoxins from Papuan taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) and Irian Jayan death adder (Acanthophis rugosus) venoms Fri 25 Jul 2014 15:49:28 EST ]]> The use of imaging ultrsaound by physiotherapists: assessing and meeting their educational needs Fri 25 Jul 2014 15:49:28 EST ]]> The circulating, intrauterine and intrarenal renin angiotensin systems in normal and pathological pregnancies Fri 25 Jul 2014 15:21:30 EST ]]> Best practices integration during acquisitions: the roles of culture in knowledge sharing in cross-cultural acquisitions Fri 25 Jul 2014 15:21:28 EST ]]> Alpha neurotoxins Fri 25 Jul 2014 15:07:28 EST ]]> In vitro neurotoxic effects of Pseudechis spp. venoms: a comparison of avian and murine skeletal muscle preparations Fri 25 Jul 2014 14:53:43 EST ]]> Cross-neutralisation of the neurotoxic effects of Egyptian cobra venom with commercial tiger snake antivenom Fri 25 Jul 2014 14:32:34 EST ]]> Understanding relationships in the psychological contracts of Indonesian academics Fri 25 Jul 2014 14:17:58 EST ]]> Effect of Australian elapid venoms on blood coagulation: Australian Snakebite Project (ASP-17) Fri 25 Jul 2014 12:39:58 EST ]]> Discovering Roles of Calcium and Cortical Microtubules in Directing Ingrowth Wall Formation During Trans-differentiation of Epidermal Cells to a Transfer Cell Morphology Fri 25 Jul 2014 12:32:58 EST ]]> The development of a service-learning model of health promotion in the residential aged care environment for dental hygiene students Fri 25 Jul 2014 12:26:11 EST ]]> Musculoskeletal disorders and the Australian dental hygiene profession: investigating prevalence, correlates and interventions Fri 25 Jul 2014 12:18:59 EST ]]> The consequences of acrylamide exposure on the male germ line Fri 25 Jul 2014 12:18:59 EST ]]> Dexmedetomidine in the emergency department: assessing safety and effectiveness in difficult-to-sedate acute behavioural disturbance Fri 25 Jul 2014 12:03:47 EST ]]> A randomised controlled trial of two infusion rates to decrease reactions to antivenom 14 y) with snake envenoming in Sri Lanka. Snake identification was by patient or hospital examination of dead snakes when available and confirmed by enzyme-immunoassay for Russell’s viper envenoming. Patients were blindly allocated in a 11 randomisation schedule to receive antivenom either as a 20 minute infusion (rapid) or a two hour infusion (slow). The primary outcome was the proportion with severe systemic hypersensitivity reactions (grade 3 by Brown grading system) within 4 hours of commencement of antivenom. Secondary outcomes included the proportion with mild/moderate hypersensitivity reactions and repeat antivenom doses. Of 1004 patients with suspected snakebites, 247 patients received antivenom. 49 patients were excluded or not recruited leaving 104 patients allocated to the rapid antivenom infusion and 94 to the slow antivenom infusion. The median actual duration of antivenom infusion in the rapid group was 20 min (Interquartile range[IQR]:20–25 min) versus 120 min (IQR:75–120 min) in the slow group. There was no difference in severe systemic hypersensitivity reactions between those given rapid and slow infusions (32% vs. 35%; difference 3%; 95%CI:−10% to +17%;p = 0.65). The frequency of mild/moderate reactions was also similar. Similar numbers of patients in each arm received further doses of antivenom (30/104 vs. 23/94). Conclusions: A slower infusion rate would not reduce the rate of severe systemic hypersensitivity reactions from current high rates. More effort should be put into developing better quality antivenoms.]]> Fri 25 Jul 2014 11:29:56 EST ]]>