Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/926584
- Flecainide inhibits arrhythmogenic Ca²⁺ waves by open state block of ryanodine receptor Ca²⁺ release channels and reduction of Ca²⁺ spark mass
Hilliard, Fredrick A.;
Steele, Derek S.;
Le Marchand, Sylvain J.;
Piston, David W.;
Knollmann, Björn C.
- The University of Newcastle. Faculty of Health, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy
- Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is linked to mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) or calsequestrin. We recently found that the drug flecainide inhibits RyR2 channels and prevents CPVT in mice and humans. Here we compared the effects of flecainide and tetracaine, a known RyR2 inhibitor ineffective in CPVT myocytes, on arrhythmogenic Ca²⁺ waves and elementary sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca²⁺ release events, Ca²⁺ sparks. In ventricular myocytes isolated from a CPVT mouse model, flecainide significantly reduced spark amplitude and spark width, resulting in a 40% reduction in spark mass. Surprisingly, flecainide significantly increased spark frequency. As a result, flecainide had no significant effect on spark-mediated SR Ca²⁺ leak or SR Ca²⁺ content. In contrast, tetracaine decreased spark frequency and spark-mediated SR Ca²⁺ leak, resulting in a significantly increased SR Ca²⁺ content. Measurements in permeabilized rat ventricular myocytes confirmed the different effects of flecainide and tetracaine on spark frequency and Ca²⁺ waves. In lipid bilayers, flecainide inhibited RyR2 channels by open state block, whereas tetracaine primarily prolonged RyR2 closed times. The differential effects of flecainide and tetracaine on sparks and RyR2 gating can explain why flecainide, unlike tetracaine, does not change the balance of SR Ca²⁺ fluxes. We suggest that the smaller spark mass contributes to flecainide's antiarrhythmic action by reducing the probability of saltatory wave propagation between adjacent Ca²⁺ release units. Our results indicate that inhibition of the RyR2 open state provides a new therapeutic strategy to prevent diastolic Ca²⁺ waves resulting in triggered arrhythmias, such as CPVT.
- Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology Vol. 48, Issue 2, p. 293-301
- Publisher Link
catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia
- Resource Type
- journal article