Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/922411
- Baseline diabetic status and admission blood glucose were poor prognostic factors in the EPITHET trial
De Silva, D. A.;
Parsons, M. W.;
Barber, P. A.;
Donnan, G. A.;
Davis, S. M.
- The University of Newcastle. Faculty of Health, School of Medicine and Public Health
- Background: Previous data have suggested that diabetes and hyperglycemia predict poor outcome following stroke. We studied the prognostic impact of diabetes and admission blood glucose in the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolytic Evaluation Trial (EPITHET). Methods: EPITHET was a prospective randomized placebo-controlled trial of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in the 3- to 6-hour time window. A preexisting diagnosis of diabetes was noted and baseline serum glucose was measured. Results: Intravenous tPA attenuated infarct growth in non-diabetics, but not in diabetics (p = 0.029). In the tPA treatment group, admission blood glucose was higher among patients with poor functional outcome (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Diabetes and hyperglycemia attenuate the effects of tPA on infarct evolution. Future thrombolytic trials should consider randomizing patients by subgroups based on diabetic status and serum glucose levels.
- Cerebrovascular Diseases Vol. 29, Issue 1, p. 14-21
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- journal article