Three platinum complexes in which substituted (7-OMe, 9-NH₂; 7-F, 9-NH₂; and 7-H, 9-NH(CH₂)₂OH) 9-aminoacridine-4-carboxamides were tethered to a platinum(II)diamine moiety were synthesised and characterised at the chemical and biological level. These variants showed a decrease in cytotoxicity, as measured by IC₅₀ values in HeLa cells, when compared with the parent 7-H, 9-NH₂ compound. The 7-F and 9-NH(CH₂)₂OH substituents gave rise to a small decrease in cytotoxicity, and the 7-OMe substituent resulted in a larger decrease in cytotoxicity. Their binding to purified pUC19 plasmid DNA was investigated and it was found that the addition of 7-F, 9-NH(CH₂)₂OH and especially the 7-OMe substituents, resulted in reduced DNA binding. This correlated well with the IC₅₀ cytotoxicity values. However, the DNA sequence selectivity was unaffected by the addition of these moieties.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry Vol. 104, Issue 8, p. 815-819