Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/921821
- A detailed paraxial schematic eye for the White Leghorn chick
Avila, Natalia V.;
McFadden, Sally A.
- The University of Newcastle. Faculty of Science & Information Technology, School of Psychology
- We studied the normal ocular development of the chick (Gallus gallus domesticus, White Leghorn) up to 15 days of age using both longitudinal and cross-sectional methods. The change in refractive error, corneal curvature and axial ocular distances were used to construct schematic eyes. Equations are presented which allow prediction of refractive error changes associated with changes in vitreous chamber depth. The mean refractive error was +3.2 D at hatching, which reduced by 66% over the first 3 days and stabilized by 11 days of age. The lens thickened and the anterior chamber deepened from hatching, but vitreal elongation and corneal flattening were delayed until after the first 3 days, suggesting that normal eye growth may be initially inhibited or inactive during an initial emmetropization period, and subsequently activated in response to myopic defocus arising from the continually expanding lens. Finally, when compared with published data on other chick strains, we find differences in the degree of hyperopia at hatching due to differences in lens thickness. However, the rate of ocular and vitreal expansion and the developmental changes in corneal power are similar, making the schematic eyes presented here generally applicable to different strains of chickens.
- Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology Vol. 196, Issue 11, p. 825-940
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