Tailing dams are normally built to contain refuse from mining, mineral processing and power generation. They have been an essential part of the minerals extraction process. History shows that serious environmental and safety issues are associated with tailing dams. There are options to the conventional tailing dams that can offer remedy to the problems experienced with the dams and although economically more costly in the short term, may be economically viable in the longer term.
6th International Conference for Conveying and Handling of Particulate Solids with 10th ICBMH and BULKEX, 2009 (CHoPS 2009). 6th International Conference for Conveying and Handling of Particulate Solids with 10th ICBMH and BULKEX: Conference Proceedings (Brisbane, Qld 3-7 August, 2009) p. 615-620