Recent developments in virtual environments offer new collaborative design platforms to designers. Designing and collaboration has been changing with the introduction of these new design environments. In this paper, we compare designers' communication in co-located sketching with designing in remote environments. We conducted experiments, which include two designers communicating over four different technologies, and compared their verbal communication activities using protocol analysis.
5th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC 2008). Proceedings of AEC 2008: 5th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (Antalya, Turkey 25-28 June, 2008)