We provide a review of independent component analysis (ICA) for complex-valued improper and noncircular random sources. An improper random signal is correlated with its complex conjugate, and a noncircular random signal has a rotationally variant probability distribution. We present methods for ICA using second-order statistics, and higher-order statistics. For ICA based on second-order statistics, we emphasize the key role played by the circularity coefficients, which are the canonical correlations between the source and the complex conjugate. For ICA based on higher-order statistics, we show how to extend algorithms for real-valued ICA to the complex domain using Wirtinger calculus.
2009 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. 2009 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing: Proceedings (Taipei, Taiwan 19-24 April, 2009) p. 3561-3564