Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/917162
- Reaction of a Ni-coated Al nanoparticle to form B2-NiAl: a molecular dynamics study
Evteev, Alexander V.;
Levchenko, Elena V.;
Riley, Daniel P.;
Belova, Irina V.;
Murch, Graeme E.
- The University of Newcastle. Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, School of Engineering
- The kinetic reaction in a Ni-coated Al nanoparticle with equi-atomic fractions and diameter of approximately 4.5nm is studied by means of molecular dynamics simulation, using a potential of the embedded atom type to model the interatomic interactions. First, the large driving force for the alloying of Ni and Al initiates solid state amorphization of the nanoparticle with the formation of Ni₅₀Al₅₀ amorphous alloy. Amorphization makes intermixing of the components much easier compared to the crystalline state. The average rate of penetration of Ni atoms can be estimated to be about two times higher than Al atoms, whilst the total rate of inter-penetration can be estimated to be of the order of 10(⁻²) m/s. The heat of the intermixing with the formation of Ni₅₀Al₅₀ amorphous alloy can be estimated at approximately -0.34 eV/at. Next, the crystallization of the Ni₅₀Al₅₀ amorphous alloy into B2-NiAl ordered crystal structure is observed. The heat of the crystallization can be estimated as approximately -0.08 eV/at. Then, the B2-NiAl ordered nanoparticle melts at a temperature of approximately 1500 K. It is shown that, for the alloying reaction in the initial Ni-coated Al nanoparticle, the ignition temperature can be as low as approximately 200 K, while the adiabatic temperature for the reaction is below the melting temperature of the nanoparticle with the B2-NiAl ordered structure.
- Philosophical Magazine Letters Vol. 89, Issue 12, p. 815-830
- Publisher Link
- Taylor & Francis
- Resource Type
- journal article