The effect of the uptake of a low-molecular-weight amphiphilic diblock copolymer on the morphology of didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) adsorbed layers on mica, the interactions between two coated surfaces, and the frictional properties of the boundary film have been studied using an atomic force microscope and a dynamic surface forces apparatus nanotribometer. When DDAB-coated surfaces in aqueous solution were compressed, hemifusion or removal of the adsorbed surfactant bilayers could not be induced, and no frictional force could be measured between the surfaces, which display superior lateral cohesion and lubricant properties. Coadsorbing octadecyl end modified poly(ethylene oxide) chains at low density facilitates hemifusion, generating significant shear stress and leading to stick-slip instabilities. The mixed films regain their lateral cohesion at higher adsorbed copolymer densities, but an extra short-range attraction brings the adsorbed layers into adhesive contact without causing bilayer hemifusion. Here, noticeable frictional forces are also measured.