In the aftermath of World War II, the relegation of small Pacific Island states to the responsibility of Australia and New Zealand, largely translated into Australia administering English speaking Melanesian islands such as Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Torres Strait, and to some extent Fiji, while New Zealand, presumably because of its large Maori population, looked after Polynesia. This rather ad hoc arrangement led to large-scale Pacific migration, mainly to New Zealand, in search of work. However, since the 1990s, the lack of work opportunities and low wages in both New Zealand and the Islands has meant Maori and Pacific Islanders are coming to Australia in increasing numbers, and staying permanently. This paper is an attempt to examine why Maori and Pacific Islanders are putting down their roots in Australia and to what extent does this inform the identity of their children, particularly young men. The complex nature of transmutable, hybrid and negotiated identities are explored in this rapidly growing population group. This article represents a sample study of eighteen young Polynesian men, aged 18-28, who were born in Australia or migrated as young children. These interviews are part of a larger study being conducted by the first author.