Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/807655
- Task-specific training: evidence for and translation to clinical practice
Hubbard, Isobel J.;
Parsons, Mark W.;
Carey, Leeanne M.
- The University of Newcastle. Faculty of Health, School of Medicine and Public Health
- There is mounting evidence of the value of task-specific training as a neuromotor intervention in neurological rehabilitation. The evidence is founded in the psychology of motor skill learning and in the neuroscience of experience-dependent and learning-dependent neural plastic changes in the brain in animals and humans. Further, there is growing empirical evidence for the effectiveness of task-specific training in rehabilitation and for neural plastic changes following task-oriented training. In this paper, we position the evidence for task-specific training in the context of rehabilitation; review its relevance for occupation-based neurological rehabilitation, particularly in relation to upper limb function and everyday activities; and recommend evidence-driven strategies for its application. We recommend that task-specific training be routinely applied by occupational therapists as a component of their neuromotor interventions, particularly in management related to post-stroke upper limb recovery. Specifically, we propose five implementation strategies based on review of the evidence. These are: task-specific training should be relevant to the patient/client and to the context; be randomly assigned; be repetitive and involve massed practice; aim towards reconstruction of the whole task; and be reinforced with positive and timely feedback.
- Occupational Therapy International Vol. 16, Issue 3-4, p. 175-189
- Publisher Link
- John Wiley & Sons
task specific training
- Resource Type
- journal article