Serogroup C meningococcal conjugate vaccines were introduced in Greece in 2001, and although no cases of serogroup C meningococcal disease were recorded in 2004, a steady increase was observed since 2005. In this study, serum bactericidal activity was assessed in sera of 269 vaccinated children at a mean time of about 5 years after vaccination. Non-protective antibody titers were observed in most children vaccinated at age <6 years (85.9%), followed by those between 6 and 10 years (62.2%). This percentage was considerably lower in adolescents vaccinated at an age >10 years (37.8%) (p < 0.01). Geometric mean concentrations of serum IgG antibodies against serogroup C showed a similar variation. The results indicate that serum bactericidal antibody titers significantly correlate with age of vaccination; most children do not have protective antibody titers few years after immunization in infancy and childhood whereas most adolescents maintain sustained protection.