A combination of factors blended to facilitate the removal of the sodomy laws in Tasmania. The founding of the United Nations in the aftermath of the atrocities committed during World War II gave rise to an International Bill of Human Rights consisting of the Universal Declaration (a General Assembly resolution reflecting the consensus of the global community) and two important international treaties - the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). These provided the preliminary basis for fostering the observance of basic human rights. Prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is gaining greater currency as another potential extension of the growth of the international human rights movement but has also encountered resistance in both international and domestic environments. While sodomy laws have been repealed in many nations, such as Australia, as of May 2008, such laws still exist in 86 states which are members of the United Nations.