Background: The performance of commercial Helicobacter pylori diagnostic kits developed for particular geographic regions has often been found to be of poor diagnostic value when applied to other regions, possibly because of infections being caused by different H. pylori strains in different regions. Aim: To evaluate the performance of an IgG2 anti-H. pylori enzyme-linked immunoassay test (Helirad Alert) for detection of H. pylori infection in both Australian and Hong Kong (Chinese) subjects. Methods: Serum samples were tested for H. pylori specific IgG2 and IgG antibodies by enzyme-linked immunoassay kits using identical antigen preparation in 168 Australian and 160 Hong Kong (Chinese) subjects diagnosed with dyspepsia. Results: Using a cut-off value determined by analysis of H. pylori-negative Australian samples, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the IgG2 assay were 77.8, 97.4 and 91.1%, respectively, for the Australian samples and 96.3, 83.8 and 90% for Hong Kong samples. For the IgG assay, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 87.0, 99.1 and 95.2% for Australian samples and 97.5, 75 and 86.3% for Hong Kong samples respectively. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis showed better discrimination of H. pylori status when the IgG2 assay was applied to Hong Kong samples, while the IgG assay was better in the Australian samples. Conclusion: These data demonstrate that the Helirad Alert enzyme-linked immunoassay could provide a reliable method for screening H. pylori infection in both western and Chinese populations.
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Vol. 21, no. 1, p. 83-89