The history of the Labour Movement in the Hunter Valley of New South Wales is rich and colourful. Many dramatic industrial and political struggles were fought, conditions won, and injustices corrected. There were many enduring organisations that workers built as vehicles for their aspirations. Arguably the most important of these was the peak labour organisation, the Newcastle Trades Hall Council (NTHC), and its predecessor the Eight-Hour Committee. This book traces the development of peak union organisation in the Hunter Valley from 1869 through to 2000. This development is placed into a political and economic context and also explores the relationship of peak organisation to the broader labour movement and the community in which it operated. In the process of exploring this history, important aspects of the political and cultural life of the working class in the region come to light and serves as a window into the social history of the Hunter Valley's Labour Movement and working class as a whole.