The trend for part-time practice in medicine will likely increase because of the feminization of the medical workforce, the effect of the aging workforce, with practitioners wishing to reduce their hours as they approach retirement, 1) and the intention of recent graduates—male and female—to work fewer hours than their predecessors. 2) Part-time clinical practice also refers to physicians who dedicate a portion of their professional time to research, administration, and teaching. The demand for part-time or flexible training in anesthesia also may increase and prove an important strategy in recruiting the best and brightest trainees of both genders. Part-time practice impacts important issues, such as how other professionals perceive a practitioner who is part-time (which in turn influences job satisfaction, 3) continuing professional development, perceptions of clinical competence, career development opportunities, insurance premiums, practice scheduling, and compensation, including benefits. Better understanding of attitudes toward part-time anesthesia practice in Australia and the United States is necessary to optimally manage the increasing fraction of the anesthesia workforce that works part-time. The purpose of this study was to administer a written survey to anesthesiologists in Australia and the United States to assess opinions toward part-time clinical practice and training. The effect of part-time clinical practice on competence and skill development in anesthesia is unknown. We were curious to determine anesthesiologists’ opinions about part-time training and work, however, particularly with regard to perceptions of competence. We also expected that the reasons for a practitioner choosing to work or train part-time might be perceived differently in the United States and Australia.
Anesthesiology Clinics Vol. 26, Issue 4, p. 693-705