In a series of simple synthetic manipulations the active component of the aphrodisiac Spanish fly has resulted in the generation of a new family of room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). These RTILs are synthesized in high yield from readily attainable starting materials and can be generated in either meso or chiral forms dependant on the starting furan analogue. Substituted furans (2-methyl and 2-ethyl) afford chiral RTILs, furan affords a family of meso RTILs. In all cases the counterion was crucial, with CH₃SO₃– consistently displaying the lowest melting points. Of the RTILs synthesized, TGA plots showed most to be stable up to at least 250 °C. We had sought to use these RTILs in a series of dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) assembly reactions via solubulisation of dynamin GTPases pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, as such all analogues were screened as potential inhibitors. Screening reveals that these RTILs display varying levels of dynamin GTPase inhibition with a number amongst the most potent inhibitors of dynamin GTPase yet discovered, e.g. 13 IC₅₀ = 2.3 ± 0.3 µM (4-(N,N-dimethyl-N-octadecyl-N-ethyl)-4-aza-10-oxatricyclo[5.2.1]decane-3,5-dione bromide. Accordingly these RTILs have limited utility for DCC assembly with dynamin GTPase, but may be of use with other proteins or in other fields of study.
New Journal of Chemistry Vol. 32, Issue 1, p. 28-36