This paper outlines the principles of exercise prescription, with an emphasis on the injured person. Patients with pain, particularly chronic pain often exhibit low levels of activity and fitness. The literature reports that if these patients increase their activity and fitness levels they will experience a corresponding improvement in their own sense of personal wellbeing. Post-discectomy patients generally experience pain and related decreased physical function for extended periods of time. As a consequence, they also frequently experience an increased level of psychosocial stress and decreased physical strength. By increasing their physical fitness and strength, these negative outcomes can be minimised or even neutralised. The key aim of any postsurgical exercise program is to achieve these goals without increasing pain. There are several concepts of exercise prescription that are critical when designing an exercise program for the injured person. These concepts will be discussed in relation to both postsurgical and pain patients.
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine Vol. 13, Issue 1, p. 28-39