This article presents a two-dimensional study of the gas-solid flow in a vertical pneumatic conveying pipe by means of a hard-sphere model where the motion of individual particles can be traced. Simulations were performed for a pipe of height 0.9 m and width 0.06 m, with air as gas phase and particles of density 900 kg/m(3) and diameter 0.003m as solid phase. Periodic boundary conditions it-ere applied to the solid phase in the axial direction. Different cases were simulated to examine the effects of the number of particles used, superficial gas velocity, and restitution coefficient. The results show that the main features of plug flow, can be reasonably captured by the proposed simulation technique. That is, increasing the number of particles in a simulation will increase the length of plugs but does not change the velocity of plugs the solid.fraction of a plug is relatively low if the number of particles is small in particular, it is shown that increasing superficial gas velocity will increase the velocity of plugs and the frequency of Plugs, and the Pressure drop through a rising Plug increases linearly with the plug length, suggesting that the total pressure of a conveying system with a given length can be quantified from the information of plug length and plug frequency., Increasing the restitution coefficient can promote the momentum transfer between Particles and hence the raining down of particles from the back of a plug in vertical pneumatic conveying. The simulation offers a useful technique to understand the fundamentals governing the gas-solid flow under Pneumatic conveying conditions.
Particulate Science and Technology Vol. 23, no. 1, p. 47-61