Despite the emergence of smoking care guidelines and best practice recommendations over the past 13 years, it has been suggested that smoking care is not routinely provided in hospitals. Although there is a relatively large body of evidence regarding the prevalence of patient smoking cessation after hospitalisation and the effectiveness of interventions to increase cessation levels, much less is known regarding the prevalence of best practice smoking care routinely provided in hospitals or the effectiveness of interventions to increase such care provision. This thesis seeks to address these deficiencies in the evidence base. In particular this thesis aimed to: 1. Examine the prevalence of hospital smoking care in the international and Australian contexts. This is addressed via a literature review of studies that have reported the level of smoking care delivered routinely in hospitals and a survey of hospital managers in New South Wales, Australia. 2. Examine the effectiveness of interventions to increase the routine delivery of smoking care in hospitals. This is addressed via a literature review of studies that have reported the effect of an intervention on smoking care levels, and via the implementation of a quasi-experimental study that was designed to increase the hospital-wide delivery of a broad range of smoking care elements. 3. Propose recommendations for future practice and research regarding the routine provision of hospital smoking care. This thesis consists of six chapters that address the above aims. Each of the chapters has been written as a relatively distinct report in the style of a journal article. The approach has been adopted to facilitate the reading of the thesis, and results in some repetition in some chapters. At the time of submission, two papers based on the chapters of this thesis have been published in peer-reviewed journals. A further two papers are under editorial review.
University of Newcastle Research Higher Degree Thesis