The nature of the relationship between linguistic factors and stuttering has long been of interest within the field of stuffering. The majority of research in this area has focused on syntactic aspects of language derived from traditional linguistic frameworks. These analyses have focused at the level of sentence (e.g., identifying the presence or absence of clause types, phrase structures, etc.) or below (e.g., analysing stuttered moments according to word classes) (see Wingate, 1988, for an overview of research in this area). Although research over many decades has produced no evidence that linguistic factors are causally related to stuttering, the impact of stuttering on communication is also of interest. Hamre and Harn (1993) have suggested that there is a "spread of effect" from one stratum of language to another. Thus, while stuttering is an event that occurs at the linguistic levels of phonology and prosody, the effects of disruptions may be identifiable at other language levels such as semantics and pragmatics, and ultimately may impact upon communication. Adults who stutter frequently report that their experience of stuttering impacts upon their communication in that they avoid speaking in certain situations, use word avoidance techniques or experience levels of anxiety simply because they are concerned that they may stutter. This paper explores the link between stuttering and use of language. The particular language resource investigated in this paper is modality.
2003 Speech Pathology Australia National Conference. Nature, Nurture, Knowledge: Proceedings of the 2003 Speech Pathology Australia National Conference (Hobart, Tas. 4-8 May, 2003) p. 149-155