3D virtual environments (3DVE) have the potential to make a major impact on global design teams by supporting distant design collaboration. To maximise the effect of 3DVE as a design tool for collaboration, it is important to explore alternatives other than 3D geometrics for representing digital architecture in 3DVE in order to better support the variety and complexity of design languages that are commonly required for exploring architectural designs during collaboration. To achieve such aim, one important step is to gain a formal understanding of 3DVE as a design tool and current designs in 3DVE. This paper presents the stylistic characterisations of digital architecture in 3DVE based on various design examples. The findings provide a base to develop and integrate alternative design elements other than 3D geometrics in 3DVE for supporting sophisticated design collaboration.
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