The cued Go/NoGo task elicits response preparation during the foreperiod, and, depending on the S2 signal, either response execution or inhibition. This study aimed to determine how processes in the foreperiod might affect or predict post-S2 processing. Thirty-two adults participated in a cued Go/NoGo task (50% Go), with a median split of mean RT producing “Fast” and “Slow” groups. ERP measures were subjected to both ANOVA and regression techniques. There were no differences in the NoGo N2 effect related to response speed, nor was the effect related to pre-S2 processes. The anterior shift of the NoGo P3 was larger in the Fast group, and while the late CNV was associated with the absolute amplitude of both Go and NoGo P3, it was not related to the anterior–posterior Go/NoGo differences. Together, these data suggest that the inhibitory process may be reflected in the NoGo P3 effect, rather than the NoGo N2 effect.
International Journal of Psychophysiology Vol. 61, Issue 2, p. 121-133