Over the past few years I have spent a great deal of time exploring for connections between the early Aboriginal activists and African Americans/West Indians —particularly Marcus Garvey and his Universal Negro Improvement Association. I must confess I have not explored or uncovered similar evidence of connections with Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. However, my work and findings have revealed some indirect connections between these groups —and this paper will explore the comparatives of experience entwined in the political and post-colonialist rhetoric of Gandhi, Garvey and the rise of organized Aboriginal political activism with the launch of the Australian Aboriginal Progressive Association (AAPA) in 1924 Sydney led by my grandfather Fred Maynard. I contend that the Aboriginal leaders during the 1920s would have been well aware of Gandhi (1) through the local press and (2) through their consumption of international black political newsletters and literature.
Borderlands EJournal: Ghandi, Non-violence and Modernity Vol. 4, Issue 3