Chemical investigation of the Western Australian marine brown alga Cystophora harveyi resulted in the isolation of the new linearly fused 6,6,5-tricyclic compound pycnanthuquinone C (1), in addition to four previously reported geranyltoluquinol derivatives. Structures were elucidated by interpretation of spectrometric data. Compounds with the same cyclic skeleton as 1 have been reported to be useful drug leads for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, while compounds 4 and 7 are known constituents of Chinese medicinal herbs. A biosynthetic scheme encompassing all of the geranyltoluquinol derivatives isolated from C. harveyi is proposed.
Journal of Natural Products Vol. 70, Issue 4, p. 671-674