Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/33973
- In the platypus a meiotic chain of ten sex chromosomes shares genes with the bird Z and mammal X chromosomes
O'Brien, Patricia C. M.;
Jones, Russell C.;
Ferguson-Smith, Malcolm A.;
Marshall Graves, Jennifer A.
- The University of Newcastle. Faculty of Science & Information Technology, School of Environmental and Life Sciences
- Two centuries after the duck-billed platypus was discovered, monotreme chromosome systems remain deeply puzzling. Karyotypes of males, or of both sexes, were claimed to contain several unpaired chromosomes (including the X chromosome) that form a multi-chromosomal chain at meiosis. Such meiotic chains exist in plants and insects but are rare in vertebrates. How the platypus chromosome system works to determine sex and produce balanced gametes has been controversial for decades. Here we demonstrate that platypus have five male-specific chromosomes (Y chromosomes) and five chromosomes present in one copy in males and two copies in females (X chromosomes). These ten chromosomes form a multivalent chain at male meiosis, adopting an alternating pattern to segregate into XXXXX-bearing and YYYYY-bearing sperm. Which, if any, of these sex chromosomes bears one or more sex-determining genes remains unknown. The largest X chromosome, with homology to the human X chromosome, lies at one end of the chain, and a chromosome with homology to the bird Z chromosome lies near the other end. This suggests an evolutionary link between mammal and bird sex chromosome systems, which were previously thought to have evolved independently.
- Nature Vol. 432, Issue 7019, p. 913-917
- Publisher Link
- Nature Publishing Group
monotreme chromosome systems;
- Resource Type
- journal article