The major trans (1) and minor cis (2) isomers of 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-6,13-dicarboxylate have been characterized as the complexes [Co(1)](ClO₄) and [Co(H2)(OH₂)]Cl(ClO₄)·H₂O. The former crystallized in the C2/c space group and the latter in the P2₁/c space group, with cell parameters a 16.258(7), b 9.050(3), c 15.413(6) Å, β133.29(3)°, and a 9.694(4), b 16.135(1), c 12.973(5) Å, β 93.00(2)°, respectively. Their characterization completes identification of the respective trans and cis isomers for the series of c-pendant macrocycles also including 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-6-amine-13-carboxylate ((3), (4)) and 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-6,13-diamine ((5), (6)). The complexes show limited distortion from octahedral geometry with the strain in the presence of the coordinated c-pendant carboxylate significantly reduced compared with that for the c-pendant amine in analogues, a consequence mainly of six-membered as opposed to five-membered chelate rings involving the pendant donor. A comparison of the physical properties for the trans isomers of the octahedral complexes of (1), (3), and (5), which reflect progressively increasing strain, is presented.
Australian Journal of Chemistry Vol. 56, Issue 7, p. 679-684