Although many aspects of the period can be understood without much reference to Napoleon, no account of the wars that took place berween 1803 and 1815 can neglect his role in them. Without him, it is difficult if not impossible to imagine the major French military and foreign political undertakings during this period. The conquest of northern Italy in 1796-97, the expedition to Egypt in 1798-99, the intervention in Spain in 1808 and the invasion of Russia in 1812 are all associated with his name. Indeed, the wars that took place during this period are the only wars in the modern era named after the man held responsibie for them. However, the debate about the relationship berween larger structural impersonal forces and the role of the individual in the formation of foreign policy is noticeably lacking for the Napoleonic era, unlike other periods of modern European history.