Growth spurts in countries where malaria was eradicated (countries within the sub-tropical areas in Europe, Asia and America) prompt many analysts to view future economic success in Africa as dependent on the improvement of the malaria situation in Africa. Gallup and Sachs (2001) observed that the economic growth in the five years following eradication of countries that have eradicated malaria (in the past half century) have almost always been substantially higher than growth in their region. Based on this analogy it has been a long-standing belief that malaria is hurting economic development in Africa.
Economic Development Issues and Policies (Vol. 2) p. 779-797