|Publisher version (open access)||417 KB||Adobe Acrobat PDF||View/Open
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/27568
- Luminal Ca²⁺-regulated Mg²⁺ inhibition of skeletal RyRs reconstituted as isolated channels or coupled clusters
Laver, Derek R.;
O'Neill, Erin R.;
Lamb, Graham D.
- In resting muscle, cytoplasmic Mg²⁺ is a potent inhibitor of Ca²⁺ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). It is thought to inhibit calcium release channels (RyRs) by binding both to low affinity, low specificity sites (I-sites) and to high affinity Ca²⁺ sites (A-sites) thus preventing Ca²⁺ activation. We investigate the effects of luminal and cytoplasmic Ca²⁺ on Mg²⁺ inhibition at the A-sites of skeletal RyRs (RyR1) in lipid bilayers, in the presence of ATP or modified by ryanodine or DIDS. Mg²⁺ inhibits RyRs at the A-site in the absence of Ca²⁺, indicating that Mg²⁺ is an antagonist and does not simply prevent Ca²⁺ activation. Cytoplasmic Ca²⁺ and Cs⁺ decreased Mg²⁺ affinity by a competitive mechanism. We describe a novel mechanism for luminal Ca²⁺ regulation of Ca²⁺ release whereby increasing luminal [Ca²⁺] decreases the A-site affinity for cytoplasmic Mg²⁺ by a noncompetitive, allosteric mechanism that is independent of Ca²⁺ flow. Ryanodine increases the Ca²⁺ sensitivity of the A-sites by 10-fold, which is insufficient to explain the level of activation seen in ryanodine-modified RyRs at nM Ca²⁺, indicating that ryanodine activates independently of Ca²⁺. We describe a model for ion binding at the A-sites that predicts that modulation of Mg²⁺ inhibition by luminal Ca²⁺ is a significant regulator of Ca²⁺ release from the SR. We detected coupled gating of RyRs due to luminal Ca²⁺ permeating one channel and activating neighboring channels. This indicated that the RyRs existed in stable close-packed rafts within the bilayer. We found that luminal Ca²⁺ and cytoplasmic Mg²⁺ did not compete at the A-sites of single open RyRs but did compete during multiple channel openings in rafts. Also, luminal Ca²⁺ was a stronger activator of multiple openings than single openings. Thus it appears that RyRs are effectively "immune" to Ca²⁺ emanating from their own pore but sensitive to Ca²⁺ from neighboring channels.
- Journal of General Physiology Vol. 124, Issue 6, p. 741-758
- Publisher Link
- Rockefeller University Press
- Resource Type
- journal article
- Full Text