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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/27063
- The influence of diurnal temperatures on the hydrochemistry of a tufa-depositing stream
Lucas, S. A.;
- At-a-station diurnal variations in carbonate hydrochemistry were measured during four observation periods at Davys Creek, a tufa-depositing stream in central NSW, Australia. Major ion concentrations and continuously logged measurements of specific conductivity, pH and temperature showed that changes in the amount of CaCO₃ deposited upstream of the study reach were directly related to changes in diurnal water temperatures, which control the rate of CO₂ efflux to the atmosphere. The greatest upstream losses occurred during the mid-afternoon water temperature peak, whereas the lowest upstream losses occurred at sunrise, when water temperatures were at their lowest. Cloudy days at all times of the year produced small diurnal water temperatures ranges (c. 2-5°C) and, consequently, relatively small changes in upstream CaCO₃ loss (23-50 mg L⁻¹) through the day. Clear sunny days, especially during summer months, produced large diurnal water temperature changes (up to c. 11°C), which in turn triggered diurnal changes in upstream CaCO₃ loss of up to 100 mg L⁻¹. By implication, the active reach of tufa deposition must advance downstream and increase in length during the evening and vice versa during the day. Given that the temperature of Davys Creek waters are a function of insolation, changes in the reach of tufa deposition under baseflow conditions are a direct function of the prevailing weather. This has implications for the palaeoclimatic interpretation of fossil tufa deposits.
- Hydrological Processes Vol. 17, Issue 17, p. 3421-3441
- Publisher Link
- John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- Resource Type
- journal article
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