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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/27030
- Randomized controlled trial of brief cognitive-behavioural interventions among regular users of amphetamine
Boggs, Tracy G.;
Lewin, Terry J.
- Aims: To identify whether brief cognitive-behavioural interventions are feasible among regular users of amphetamine, to assess the effectiveness of intervention overall and to pilot two- and four-session interventions. Design: Subjects were assigned randomly to individually receive a cognitive-behavioural intervention ( n = 32) of either two or four sessions' duration or a self-help booklet (control condition; n = 32). Setting: Subjects were volunteers recruited from needle exchange schemes and treatment centres in Newcastle, Australia. Participants: Regular (at least monthly) users of amphetamine were recruited. Intervention: Either four sessions of cognitive-behaviour therapy, consisting of a motivational interview and skills training in avoidance of high-risk situations, coping with craving and relapse prevention, or two sessions consisting of a motivational interview and discussion of skills. Measurements: The Opiate Treatment Index was the main measure at pre-treatment and 6-month follow-up. Findings: There was a significant reduction in amphetamine use among the sample as a whole, with inconclusive differences between intervention subgroups. There was a moderate overall intervention effect, with the intervention group reporting over twice the reduction in daily amphetamine use as the control group. Significantly more people in the cognitive-behavioural intervention condition abstained from amphetamine at 6-month follow-up compared to the control condition. Conclusion: Brief cognitive-behavioural interventions appear feasible among regular users of amphetamine. A larger randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of such interventions appears warranted.
- Addiction Vol. 96, Issue 9, p. 1279-1287
- Publisher Link
- Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
randomized controlled trial
- Resource Type
- journal article
- Full Text