BNC nanotubes were prepared by a high-energy ball milling and annealing method. Graphite carbon (C) and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) powder was first milled at room temperature to generate highly disordered nanoporous particles with a metastable structure. Upon elevated temperature annealing up to 1300°C, these nanoporous particles were chemically and themally activated to grow BNC nanotubes with both cylindrical and bamboo-like morphology. The cylindrical tubes have smaller diameters from 40 to 60 nm and lengths up to 2 μm. The bamboo tubes have larger diameters from 80 to 150 nm and lengths up to 10 μm. The formation mechanisms of different nanostructures are discussed.
7th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing (PRICM-7). Materials Science Forum (Cairns, QLD 2-6 August, 2010) p. 1146-1149