This chapter traces the course of Australian approaches to managing equity and diversity in detail. As discussed in Chapter 1, there is inevitably a good deal of intersection between these two areas but there are also significant differences. Australia, like most Western industrial countries, has legislation in place that addresses workplace practices and issues of equality. In Australia this takes the form of anti-discrimination and equal opportunity legislation. This chapter outlines the requirements of the legislation and discusses its philosophical underpinnings. It concludes by discussing the non-legislated frameworks for managing diversity and examines the ramifications for implementing the various approaches to managing equity and diversity. Finally it is noted that progress towards fair and equitable workplaces that are representative of all groups in society is slowed by conflicting beliefs to the causes of inequality and the competing ideas that underpin the various approaches advocating different remedies.