The endocytic protein dynamin II (dynII) participates in cell cycle progression and has roles in centrosome cohesion and cytokinesis. We have described a series of small-molecule inhibitors of dynamin [myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromides (MiTMAB)] that competitively interfere with the ability of dynamin to bind phospholipids and prevent receptor-mediated endocytosis. We now report that dynII functions specifically during the abscission phase of cytokinesis and that MiTMABs exclusively block this step in the cell cycle. Cells treated with MiTMABs (MiTMAB and octadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide) and dyn-depleted cells remain connected via an intracellular bridge for a prolonged period with an intact midbody ring before membrane regression and binucleate formation. MiTMABs are the first compounds reported to exclusively block cytokinesis without affecting progression through any other stage of the cell cycle. Thus, MiTMABs represent a new class of antimitotic compounds. We show that MiTMABs are potent inhibitors of cancer cell growth and have minimal effect on nontumorigenic fibroblast cells. Thus, MiTMABs have toxicity and antiproliferative properties that preferentially target cancer cells. This suggests that dynII may be a novel target for pharmacologic intervention for the treatment of cancer.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics Vol. 9, Issue 7, p. 1995-2006