There is little evidence to show the critical factors that impact on managing aggression in people with dementia and what model of care ensures integrity for both the resident and the personnel responsible for their care. Aggression in this study is defined as an overt act, involving the delivery of noxious stimuli to (but not necessarily aimed at) another organism, object or self which is clearly not accidental. (Patel and hope 1002. p 212). This study used ethnographic techniques, incorporating the use of critical incidents, to explore and explain the culture and context of care situations where nursing personnel experience aggression and violence when dealing with residents with dementia. A Critical Incident Technique was used to identify behaviours of both staff and residents that contributed to and or reduced the amount of aggression that occurred. In particular, this study explored the nature of aggression and the responses of staff and the tensions that exist in the maintenance of rights of both personnel involved in care and the residents for whom they care. Findings revealed the extent to which responses to violence and aggression are related to staff education and understanding of dementia, as well as the illness the resident is suffering at the time. Staff had employed some creative ways to manage aggression in residents. This idicated that a model of care based on person centred care (Kitwood, 1997) would be appropriate for the management of these residents. A framework for an alternate model for the care of people with dementia who are violent and aggressive based on the person centred care approach is proposed and suggestions made for future research.
University of Newcastle Research Higher Degree Thesis