The authors propose a multisensor switching strategy for fault-tolerant vector control of induction motors. The proposed strategy combines three current sensors and associated observers that estimate the rotor flux. The estimates provided by the observers are compared at each sampling time by a switching mechanism which selects the sensors –observer pair with the smallest error between the estimated flux magnitude and a desired flux reference. The estimates provided by the selected pair are used to implement a vector control law. The authors consider both field-oriented control and direct torque and flux control schemes. Pre-checkable conditions are derived that guarantee fault tolerance under an abrupt fault of a current sensor. These conditions are such that the observers that use measurements from the faulty sensor are automatically avoided by the switching mechanism, thus maintaining good performance levels even in the presence of a faulty sensor. Simulation results under realistic conditions illustrate the effectiveness of the scheme.
IET Control Theory and Applications Vol. 4, Issue 9, p. 1707-1724