Sport is an important part of Australian culture and is highly valued by many children. Approximately 50 per cent of Australian children participate in organised sport. The most popular sports for boys are soccer, swimming and Australian Rules and the most popular for girls are netball, swimming and tennis. It is well established that children's early experiences in sport can have a lasting influence on their enjoyment and participation in a range of physical activities throughout their lives. Similarly, involvement in sport has many benefits for children including improved physical, cognitive, emotional and social development. However, it is unwise to assume all children will have positive sporting experiences. This article focuses on those factors that can impact on the likelihood of a rewarding and enjoyable sporting experience for children.