Correspondence analysis is a popular statistical technique used to identify graphically the presence, and structure, of association between two or more cross-classified categorical variables. Such a procedure is very useful when it is known that there is a symmetric (two-way) relationship between the variables. When such a relationship is known not to exist, non-symmetrical correspondence analysis is more appropriate as a method of establishing the source of association. This paper highlights some tools that can be used to explore the behaviour of asymmetric categorical variables. These tools consist of confidence regions, the link between non-symmetrical correspondence analysis and the analysis of variance of categorical variables, and the effect of imposing linear constraints. We also explore the application of non-symmetrical correspondence analysis to three-way contingency tables.
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics Vol. 52, Issue 1, p. 27-44